Help Prevent Horsepower Loss Due to Wear & Deposits

Most people equate engine wear and deposits with a sudden, catastrophic engine failure that leaves you stranded alongside the road. In reality, wear and deposits are more likely to cause horsepower loss and reduced fuel efficiency over time. Here’s how it works and what you can do about it.

Engine compression = horsepower

For your engine to produce maximum horsepower, the combustion chamber must seal completely during the compression and combustion strokes. Wear and deposits can prevent the valves or piston rings from sealing, allowing pressurized gases to escape the combustion chamber, leading to horsepower loss.

To illustrate, imagine using a hydraulic floor jack.

Pumping the handle will raise the vehicle as long as the release valve is tightly seated and doesn’t leak. A poorly sealed release valve, however, allows pressure to escape, causing the vehicle to sink to the ground no matter how much you pump the jack handle.

The same principle applies inside your engine. If some of the pressure created during the compression and combustion strokes is lost due to valves and piston rings that don’t seal completely, the engine will suffer horsepower loss, as explained in the images below.

Excessive engine wear and deposits can lead to horsepower loss.


Fuel and air enter the combustion chamber on the intake stroke.

Excessive engine wear and deposits can lead to horsepower loss.


Wear and deposits can prevent the valves and piston rings from sealing completely, allowing fuel/air to escape the combustion chamber during compression.

Excessive engine wear and deposits can lead to horsepower loss.


During the combustion stroke, pressurized gases can escape past worn or deposit-covered valves and rings, taking potential horsepower with it.

Wear & deposits reduce compression

Over time, deposits or valve wear can prevent the valves from closing completely, interfering with a good seal. Wear can also interfere with proper valve operation, disrupting optimum fuel/air flow.

Worn or stuck piston rings produce the same effect.

The rings are designed to move freely in their grooves and press tightly against the cylinder wall. They should form a seal that prevents fuel/air from escaping. Ring wear can interfere with formation of a tight seal.

Likewise, deposit buildup can cause the rings to stick in their grooves, also preventing a good seal. As a result, some fuel/air escapes the combustion chamber during compression, reducing power. On the combustion stroke, pressurized gases can blow by the rings and travel down the cylinder wall and into the oil sump, taking potential power with them. This is what’s meant when someone says an engine has lost compression.

AMSOIL helps prevent horsepower loss

AMSOIL Signature Series Synthetic Motor Oil provides…

Its outstanding performance helps prevent deposits and wear that rob engines of horsepower, helping preserve that like-new feeling you crave when driving.

To prove it, we installed Signature Series 5W-30 Synthetic Motor Oil in a Ford F-150 with a new 3.5L Ecoboost engine to test its ability to protect turbocharged direct-injection (TDGI) engines from torque and horsepower loss during extended drain intervals up to 25,000 miles.

Power sweeps were done at the beginning and end of the test to evaluate horsepower and torque retention. As the video shows, Signature Series helped maintain engine performance throughout the 100,000 mile test.

So, one of the best ways to prevent horsepower loss is to guard against engine wear and deposits that reduce compression. And AMSOIL is proven to deliver the protection you need.

¹Based on independent testing of AMSOIL Signature Series 0W-20, in ASTM D6891 as required by the API SN specification. ²Based on independent testing of AMSOIL Signature Series 5W-30 in the Sequence IIIH Engine Test (ASTM D8111), required by the ILSAC GF-6 and API SP specifications.

Updated. Originally published: October 25, 2017


  1. Other than idling 15 minutes with Amsoil Engine and Transmission Flush, drain, and adding Amsoil 5W-30 Signature Series into my 200k miles 2000 Volvo S80 2.9L non-turbo WORN engine with sludge, what else can I do to further reduce friction in the engine?

    Do you also recommend that I do a flush and oil change at least 3 times after every 3000 miles?

    1. Steve,

      Please call AMSOIL Technical Services at 715-399-TECH and they can answer all your questions about your Volvo at once.



    1. Hi George,

      Use SABER Professional Synthetic 2-Stroke Oil for your chainsaw, string trimmer, leaf blower and other handheld equipment. Use HP Marine Synthetic 2-Stroke Oil in your marine motors. Use INTERCEPTOR Synthetic 2-Stoke Oil in your snowmobile. If you’re into racing or modified engines, use DOMINATOR Synthetic 2-Stroke Race Oil. And, if you want a less-expensive, good all-around two-stroke oil for your outboards or sleds, we offer Synthetic 2-Stroke Injector Oil.

      When in doubt, contact your local independent AMSOIL Dealer and he or she will be glad to help you.

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